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放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2011-08-13  来源:bbc
核心提示:欢迎收听bbc learning english–audio programmes 音频精选。在本期《经典菜肴》中,让我们来"品尝"一下三明治。这个可以算是最简单的英国"菜",名字来源于18世纪英国的贵族三明治伯爵四世。据说当时他特别喜欢打扑克,两片面包夹着肉片成了他喜欢吃的点心,既能填饱肚子,又不会弄脏手和他的扑克牌。后来他的朋友们都学他点这道菜,三明治的名字也就叫开了。那么现在英国人对三明治的看法是什么?哪些三明治最畅销呢?




about this script
please note that this is not a word for word transcript of the programme as broadcast. in the recording and editing process, changes may have been made which may not be reflected here.
关于台词的备注:
请注意这不是广播节目的逐字稿件。本文稿可能没有体现录制、编辑过程中对节目做出的改变。

insert
tomi: my name is tomi, tomi studholm. we are the breadman on bewick street in soho central london.
helen & tomi: can i have a fish finger. with poppy? do you want it grilled? no i'll have it for lunch and i will probably eat it in the studio. that's 2 pounds.
(fade)

willliam: helen, where were you buying your sandwich just then?
helen: 你没听到吗?我是今天早上在伦敦市中心的bewick street 市场里买的。
william: i could really do with a sandwich in today's programme.
helen: i thought so. 本期delicious dishes 节目的主题就是三明治。
william: first let's hear from writer bee wilson speaking on bbc radio 4's food programme. she's going to give us a little background on the history of the sandwich in britain.

insert
really from the late 18 century onwards, it was becoming the universal food in british society right from the beginning. it was the food of the rich as well as the poor. in 1789, a commentator said that the british royal family always carried sandwiches with them, when travelling. but on the other hand, on the opposite of the scale, you have the very poorest people in society, eating the sandwich as the most basic meal of them all.

helen: 三明治从18世纪末起就可以算是全英国最普通的食品了。it became the universal food in british society.
william: it was said that the royal family always carried sandwiches with them when they were travelling.
helen: 外出旅行的时候,英国皇室总会带上三明治。i think they must have had very posh fillings in them.
william: i would have thought so. but you don't have to be a royal to have a sandwich. for the poorest people in society, it was the most basic meal of them all.
helen: 是的。因为三明治的做法非常简单,原材料也很容易准备,所以就成了穷人们最基本的食品most basic meal.
william: to make a simple ham sandwich, all you need are two slices of bread, a bit of butter and a slice of ham. you can do it quickly and cheaply.
helen: 不过很多人也选择从店里买三明治。一家知名超市的食品采购部主任simon twigger 是这样分析的。

insert
i'm simon twigger, i'm the head of fresh food buying at sainsbury's. the amount of time people have for lunch is less than 30 minutes, so one of the trends we've seen is that the sandwich is coming back into popularity.

william: so we live in a very stressful world, don't you think, helen?
helen: yeah, sounds like it. only 30 minutes for lunch. 时间就是金钱,现在上班族平均每天只有30 分钟的午餐时间。
william: going to the shops and buying a sandwich to eat at your desk is now the norm for many office workers.
helen: 在办公桌前边吃饭边干活eat at your desk 已经成了很多人的习惯, it's the norm for many office workers. 三明治是最方便的,也是最适合这种工作方式的食品。
william: so what kind of sandwiches are popular with people?
helen: let's find out. 你知道blt 是什么样的三明治吗?

insert
if you look at the top ten selling sandwiches in the uk today, they are very similar to the top ten selling sandwiches five years ago. with the classic favourite of bacon lettuce and tomato, blt, chicken salad, which is the top selling sandwich now, prawn mayonnaise, cheese variants and ham variants still dominating the top ten positions.

william: so we've just heard chris thomas from buckingham foods who specialises in sandwich mass production.
helen: 大家听到blt 是什么吗?blt 是一个缩写,代表bacon, lettuce and tomato. bacon 就是培根咸肉片,lettuce 生菜叶,tomato 番茄。由这三样原料做成的三明治就简称为blt.
william: there are other top sellers too – chicken salad.
helen: 鸡肉色拉三明治chicken salad.
william: prawn mayonnaise.
helen: 虾仁蛋黄酱三明治prawn mayonnaise.
william: and sandwiches with different types of cheese or ham are still very popular.
helen: 奶酪cheese 和火腿肉ham 为主的各类三明治也很畅销。我早上买的迷你炸鱼条三明治销路也不错,这家三明治店的店主tomi 认为这是因为它令人产生怀旧的感觉。

insert
it's like a traditional english thing, innit (isn't it)? i am not 100% sure why, i think it reminds people of their childhood.

helen: oh, look at the time, it's coming up to one o'clock.
william: well helen, we'd better wrap up and get something to eat.
helen: i would have loved to share my fish finger sandwich with you, but
not today. i'm afraid it was too good to share!
willam: oh ok! well no worries, i fancy a blt anyway.
helen: 好了,如果你想了解更多的英语学习节目请随时登陆bbcukchina.com. bye!
william: bye bye!
更多翻译详细信息请点击:
编辑:foodtrans

 
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