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核心提示:影片《食品公司》从快餐业入手,逐步向种植业、畜牧业、养殖业延展开去,揭露了大型食品公司经营者为了获取高额利润,不惜改变动植物生长方式和生长周期,从而在经营上取得丰厚利润的黑幕。而代价却是公众的健康和安全。影片获得了2009年华盛顿影评人协会最佳纪录片奖。




[00:04.98]roush: we produced a lot of corn 我们生产大量玉米
[00:06.14]and they came up with uses for it. 他们决定怎样使用这些玉米
[00:12.14]larry johnson: we are now engineering our foods. 我们掌握了改良食物的方法
[00:15.02]we know where to turn to for certain traits 我们知道某些食物特殊的性质从何而来
[00:17.02]like mouth feel and flavor. 例如口感和味道
[00:21.02]and engineer new foods 就可以改造出新的食物
[00:23.70]that don’t stale in the refrigerator, 放在冰箱里不会变味的食物
[00:27.06]don’t develop rancidity. 不会腐坏的食物
[00:27.74]of course the biggest advance in recent years 当然,近年来最大的进步
[00:33.22]was high-fructose corn syrup. 莫过于高果糖含量的玉米糖浆
[00:35.74]you know, i would venture to guess 信不信由你,我敢说
[00:37.10]if you go and look on the supermarket shelf, 如果你去超级市场里看看
[00:41.10]i’ll bet you 90% of them 我敢打赌,90%的食品
[00:43.10]would contain either a corn or soybean ingredient, 里面都有玉米或大豆的原料
[00:46.14]and most of the time will contain both. 而且很多时候两种都有
[01:06.38]pollan: corn is the great raw material. 玉米是万能的原材料
[01:06.86]you get that big fat kernel of starch 把它富含淀粉的核
[01:09.70]and you can break that down and reassemble it. 分解然后重组
[01:11.06]you can make high-fructose corn syrup. 可以制作高果糖含量的玉米糖浆
[01:13.06]you can make maltodextrin 可以制作麦芽黄素
[01:16.58]and diglycerides and xanthan gum 双甘油和黄原胶
[00:00.00]by: 更多电影原声mp3尽在人人听力网 http://www.rrting.com/english/movie_mp3/
[01:18.94]and ascorbic acid. 还有抗坏血酸(维生素c)
[01:20.94]all those obscure ingredients on the processed food-- 所有这些名字晦涩难懂的食品原料
[01:21.94]it’s remarkable how many of them can be made from corn. 都是用神奇的玉米生产的
[01:25.62]plus, you can feed it to animals. 而且,你还可以用它喂禽畜
[01:27.46]roush: corn is the main component in feed ingredients 玉米是动物饲料的主要原料
[01:33.14]whether it’s chicken, hogs, cattle-- you name it. 鸡,猪,牛,只要你说得出都可以
[01:37.82]whether we’re eating the tilapia or the farmed salmon. 无论是罗非鱼还是饲养的三文鱼
[01:42.70]we’re teaching fish how to eat corn. 我们在教鱼怎么吃玉米
[01:48.54]the fact that we had so much cheap corn 正是因为我们有这么多便宜的玉米
[01:50.38]really allowed us to drive down the price of meat. 肉类的价格才得以降低
[01:55.58]i mean, the average american is eating over 200 lbs 我是说,每个美国人平均每年
[01:58.90]of meat per person per year. 吃超过200磅的肉
[01:59.10]that wouldn’t be possible 如果我们没有给禽畜喂食便宜的饲料
[02:01.10]had we not fed them this diet of cheap grain. 根本不可能生产这么多的肉类
[02:07.14]since you’re selling corn at below the price of production, 由于玉米的销售价格低于成本
[02:10.98]the feedlot operator can buy corn 禽畜饲养者可以买到
[02:16.14]at a fraction of what it costs to grow, 价格仅为种植成本一部分的玉米
[02:18.14]so that all the animals are sucked off 因此在美国中西部的农场里
[02:19.18]of all the farms in the midwest. 家禽家畜才可以吃得饱
[02:24.34]there is a spiderweb 美国已经建立起了
[02:27.18]of roads and train tracks 全国性的铁路和公路网络
[02:28.70]all around the country moving corn 用于把玉米从原产地
[02:31.54]from where it’s being grown to these cafos. 运送到这些集约式禽畜饲养场
[02:33.86]cafo:集约化牲畜养殖经营
[02:42.58]cows are not designed by evolution to eat corn. 牛原本不是吃玉米的
[02:44.58]they’re designed by evolution to eat grass. 而是吃草的
[02:48.46]and the only reason we feed them corn 我们用玉米喂牛
[02:50.46]is because corn is really cheap 只是因为玉米实在便宜
[02:50.98]and corn makes them fat quickly. 而且可以让牛长得快
[02:55.94]allen trenkle:反刍动物营养专家 爱荷华州立大学
[03:04.18]man: where are you putting your hand? 你把手伸到哪里?
[03:05.34]i’m actually inside the rumen-- 这是瘤胃
[03:10.02]that first compartment of the stomach. 牛4个胃的第一个
[03:13.54]and it’s-- 这是
[03:15.54]it’s not-- 不对
[03:17.58]it’s kind of hard to see. 不是很容易看得到
[03:19.26]you can see the liquid part here. 你可以看到这些液体
[03:22.42]man: wow. 哇
[03:26.78]- does that hurt the cow? - no. -这会对牛造成伤害吗? -不会的
[03:28.10]there’s microorganisms-- 瘤胃里有微生物
[03:32.46]bacteria in the rumen, millions of ’em. 还有细菌,数量很多
[03:32.62]the animals evolved 牛的胃部构造
[03:37.46]on consuming grass. 是为了消化草而形成的
[03:38.50]there’s some research that indicates 有部分研究表明
[03:40.50]that a high-corn diet results in 玉米为主的饲料,会造成
[03:44.50]e. coli that are acid-resistant. 抗酸的埃舍利希氏大肠杆菌增加
[03:48.02]and these would be the more harmful e. coli. 这些细菌的危害性变得更大
[03:56.22]pollan: so you feed corn to cattle 因此,用玉米喂牛
[03:58.22]and e. coli, which is a very common bug, evolves, 使得这种常见细菌逐渐进化
[04:02.58]a certain mutation occurs 发生某些变异
[04:03.94]and a strain called the "e. coli 0157:h7" 导致"o157-h7型埃舍利希氏大肠杆菌"
[04:08.62]appears on the world stage. 这个新的细菌种群在全球出现
[04:10.94]and it’s a product of the diet we’re feeding cattle on feedlots 这是饲养场用玉米喂牛导致的后果
[04:16.62]and it’s a product of feedlot life. 也是这种经营方式导致的后果
[04:18.98]the animals stand ankle deep 这些家畜整天站在
[04:20.98]in their manure all day long. 深及脚踝的粪便里
[04:24.82]so if one cow has it, 只要一头牛感染了
[04:26.86]the other cows will get it. 其他牛也会感染
[04:31.02]when they get to the slaughterhouse, 当它们被送去屠宰时
[04:33.02]their hides are caked with manure. 粪便粘它们的皮肤上
[04:36.38]and if the slaughterhouse is slaughtering 而如果屠宰场每天
[04:36.90]400 animals an hour, 宰杀400头牛
[04:37.74]how do you keep that manure 又怎么能保证屠宰好的肉上
[04:42.42]from getting onto those carcasses? 不会沾上粪便呢?
[04:44.26]and that’s how the manure gets in the meat. 肉类就是这样被粪便污染
[04:49.10]and now this thing that wasn’t in the world 这些本不该在世上存在的东西
[04:51.10]is in the food system. 就存在于食品供应系统里
[04:57.02]无意识的后果
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编辑:foodtrans

 
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